Physical-mechanical potential of wastes from glass lapping for the production of mortar as partial replacement of the conventional aggregate
AbstractGlass lapping residues (RLV) are fine tailings from the processing of glass for civil construction, commonly non-recyclable. The present study analyzed the use of these residues in Portland cement mortar composition, partially replacing the conventional aggregate, aiming at better compaction. Percentages of residues were adopted at 0% (reference), 5%, 10% and 20% by mass, replacing the fine conventional aggregate (sand). The binder used was Portland cement CP IV-32. The RLV and fine aggregate were submitted to physical tests, through grain size analysis, grain shape and specific mass; RLV and cement, in turn, submitted to chemical analysis by X-ray spectrometry, to identify the compounds. To evaluate the compressive strength and compaction analysis of the composite in the hardened state, cylindrical specimens 50x100 mm were produced. ANOVA (Analisys of Variance) and Coefficient of Variation showed that the RLV added in 5% resulted in lower voids indexes and moisture absorption than the conventional one. The tests also showed best mechanical performance on compression analisys (30,2 MPa) for 5% of residues in the composite, surpassing the conventional one.